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Ectopic Pregnancy

Pregnancy complications can affect every woman this is why regular medical consultations are necessary. Monitoring the pregnancy can help determine early pregnancy complications, thus allowing the physician to take the necessary measures early on.


An ectopic pregnancy is a pregnancy complication which occurs when the fertilization of the egg is not done in the proper place and the fertilized egg adheres somewhere other than on the uterine wall. For the pregnancy to survive, the fertilized egg must enter the uterus and adhere to the uterus wall as it is the only place which will be able to support the development and growth of a baby.

Ectopic pregnancy classification


Developing an ectopic pregnancy cannot be prevented. About 1% of pregnancies are ectopic pregnancies so it is not a very common pregnancy problem. There are 2 classifications included in ectopic pregnancies:

  • nontubal ectopic pregnancy are the pregnancies which occur in the ovary area, cervical area or intraabdominal. This type of pregnancy can be detected using the ultrasound as there are hardly any symptoms which will help you determine where your fertilized egg has stabled.

  • heterotopic pregnancy is a rare type of ectopic pregnancy in which more than one egg is fertilized and one pregnancy is viable while the other are implanted elsewhere(ectopic). This type of intra as well as extra-uterine pregnancy. The chances of survival for the fetuses are low.


  • Ectopic pregnancies usually occur in the fallopian tubes of a woman this is why they are most often called tubal pregnancies.

    Ectopic pregnancy symptoms

    Because women can suspect a pregnancy due to pregnancy symptoms and missed period, detecting an ectopic pregnancy is done at about 6 to 8 weeks of pregnancy. This allows the physician to take the necessary measures before the fetus begins to develop too much.
    Ectopic pregnancies usually don't present any early symptoms, but in some cases the following early pregnancy symptoms can occur:

  • pain in the lower abdomen

  • cramping

  • mild vaginal bleeding

  • bowel movement pain


  • Women who don't discover their ectopic pregnancy at an early stage can suffer more intense symptoms, accompanied usually by bleeding. The bleeding can be internal as well as external. External bleeding is caused by hormone levels and internal bleeding is caused by the damaging of the area where the fetus is developing.
    Internal bleeding symptoms can cause:

  • low back pain

  • abdominal pain

  • pelvic tenderness


  • Medical treatment


    Surgical methods were used in the past, but nowadays more modern technologies offer an alternative to surgery. Methotrexanate which is a drug used in cancer treatment is used to stop the development of the pregnancy and eliminate the fetus. This is a procedure done only in early pregnancy states.

    Cases


    There have been cases in which women with ectopic pregnancies have given birth to healthy babies through caesarian and laparotomy. These are rare and fortunate cases in which mother and babies survived.
    Dealing with an ectopic pregnancy can leave a print over the mind and body so try to discuss your emotions with family, friends even a psychologist in order to accept the situation and move on.



    Tags: pregnancy, ectopic pregnancy, pregnancy advice, pregnancy problems, problems during pregnancy, extra uterine pregnancy, pregnancy complications


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